Honey composition :
Honey is composed of several naturally occurring sugars that make up 78 to 80% of its content: 38% fructose (or levulose), 31% glucose (or dextrose), and 31% maltose, saccrose, and numerous polysaccharides. Honey also has a water content of 17%.
- We can find a high concentration of amino acides in honey: aspartic acid, glutamic acid, alanine, arginine, asparagines, cystine, glycine, histidine, isoleucine, leucine, lysine, phenylalaline, proline, serine, tryptophane, tyrosine, valine.
- Up to 1% minerals : silver, barium, beryllium, bromine, calcium, chrome, cobalt, copper, iron, lithium, magnesium, manganese, molybdenum, gold, palladium, phosphorus, potassium, rubidium, scandium, silicium, sodium, soufre, strontium, titane, vanadium, zinc, zirconium.
Not all of these minerals are present in every honey, however, potassium, magnesium, and zinc are standards in all honey.
- Vitamins : The following vitamins are present in honey and are easily broken down by the human body: Vitamin A, Vitamin B1, Vitamin B2, Vitamin B3, Vitamin B5, Vitamin B6, Vitamin B8, Vitamin B9, Vitamin C, Vitamin D, Vitamin K
- Fatty acids : palmitic acid, oleic acid, and linoleic acid
- Some enzymes including amylase A and B, gluco-invertase, and gluco-oxydase.
- And finally, numerous organic and aromatic substances including flavonoids, alcohol, esters, pigments and Pollen.